- What is a technical report? A technical report is a document that describes the process, progress, or results of technical or scientific research, or the state of a technical or scientific research problem. Unlike other scientific literature, such as scientific journals and the proceedings of some academic conferences, technical reports rarely undergo comprehensive independent peer review before publication. Where there is a review process, it is often limited to within the originating organization. Similarly, there are no formal publishing procedures for such reports, except where established locally.
- For more information, refer to the following book: Information Sources in Grey Literature -- PRINT Hagerty 2nd Floor T10.7 .A87 1998
- How can I find a technical report? Many government agencies, laboratories and research centers publish the full texts of their reports online, and many more provide abstracts and citations. With a citation, one can find the full text of a document via the library. To locate a technical report, consult with the resources listed in the Get Technical Reports section of this guide.
- How do I cite a technical report? Most of the elements of a technical report are similar to those in books, with a few additional details. Significant components of a technical report include the front matter (cover, notices and abstract), the text (summary and report text) and the back matter (distribution list.) Be sure you get the following information about each report you plan to cite:
Author(s) (performing organization). Title. Place of publication: publisher/sponsoring organization; date of publication. Report number. Contract number. Total number of pages. Availability statement. EXAMPLE Moray NP, Huey M. Human factors research and nuclear safety. Washington: National Academy Pr; 1988. Contract nr NRC-04-86-381. 122 p. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA; PB89-175517. Sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.The name-year format:Author(s) (performing organization). Date of publication. Title. Place of publication: publisher/ sponsoring organization. Report number. Contract number. Total number of pages. Availability statement. EXAMPLE Moray NP, Huey M. 1988. Human factors research and nuclear safety. Washington: National Academy Pr. Contract nr NRC-04-86-381. 122 p. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA; PB89-175517. Sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.More information about citing a Technical ReportMany more examples as well as differentiations among government, university or research institutes' formats are detailed and discussed in the style guide manual for this discipline: Please refer to this book should any questions arise regarding citation: Scientific style and format : the CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers -- PRINT Hagerty Reference T11 .S386 1994
- Report number (usually found in the upper left corner)
- Title and subtitle
- Performing organization
- Publication date
- Type of report, if applicable
- Contract/grant number
- Sponsoring organization
Content Editor: Jay Bhatt
Last Updated: 10/31/2012