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How to Cite YouTube & TheHistoryMakers Videos

June 5, 2008

How do you cite Barack Obama's February 2001 interview on TheHistoryMakers? That's what students in several ENGL 102 & 103 classes are asking after using TheHistoryMakers database of oral history videos of leading African Americans as a source for their term papers. (Background: what is TheHistoryMakers?)

Thanks to (Humanities/Social Sciences Librarian) Larry Milliken scouring the web for examples, we are happy to share these guidelines. Take your pick - these work for any YouTube videos you might cite as well!

For students who used TheHistoryMakers on the Library's computers, first - I recommend that look up whatever video segment you're using on the website of The date the interview was done is easier to find here. (This is also where you can find press-released photos of your interview subjects.)

Then, we recommend using the format followed for interviews such as the following:

APA (no interview format, based on Televison Broadcast)
Obama, Barack. (2001, February 16). [Video Interview]. Chicago: The HistoryMakers Interviews.

MLA (as published interview)
Obama, Barack. Interview. Feb. 2001. Video file. Chicago: The HistoryMakers Interviews, 2008.

If you're using one of the smaller number of web-based videos you can find on the website of, follow the convention for YouTube videos below:

APA Style (use Video Weblog format)
3rdID8487 (2008, May 11). Stories from the Front lines, Part 1[Video file]. Video posted to

MLA Style (as adapted by UC Berkeley Library)
3rdID8487. 'Stories from the Front lines, Part 1.' May 11, 2008. Online video clip. YouTube. Accessed on 4 June 2008.

Questions? Get in touch!